Legal Notice


The "" website is published by the Foundation for International Development Studies and Research (Ferdi), whose headquarters are located at:
63 bd François Mitterrand
63000 Clermont-Ferrand
tel : (33) 04 73 17 75 35

Director of publication: Patrick Guillaumont
Contributors: Chloé de Hugonnenc, Philippe Messéant, Fabienne Rouanet
Technical Project Manager: Vincent Mazenod
Photo credits: Agence Hors Limite Photo, Créative commons, Philippe Messéant, Fabienne Rouanet
The website was created by the Bussac Multimedia company.

Intellectual Property

The website is the property of the Fondation pour les études et recherches sur le développement international (FERDI). Updates are provided by Ferdi.

In the context of commercial use, any reproduction of part or all of the contents of this website (texts, database, publications) is prohibited without the express prior authorisation of Ferdi and constitutes an infringement punishable by articles L. 335-2 and following of the French Intellectual Property Code.

In the framework of a non-commercial use, the reproduction of part or all of the contents of this website is free. It can be carried out without the publisher's authorization and without payment of rights, provided that the user undertakes to quote the Ferdi and the address of its website (with a hypertext link) without modification.

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The logos of FERDI and its partners appearing on the website are registered trademarks. Any total or partial reproduction of these logos made from elements of the website without the express permission of FERDI is prohibited under the Intellectual Property Code.

Hypertext links

Through this website you are able to link to other websites which are not under the control of FERDI. We have no control over the nature, content and availability of those sites. The inclusion of any links does not necessarily imply a recommendation or endorse the views expressed within them. FERDI declines all responsibility for the content of sites for which it is not the publisher and which are accessible via hypertext links.

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The information collected on the website via the "Flash info" registration is processed in order to keep you informed of FERDI news.

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This web site contains personal information concerning in particular the personnel of FERDI and its partners. In accordance with the law n° 78-17 of January 6, 1978 modified, relating to data processing, files and freedoms, you have a right of access, modification, correction and suppression of the data concerning you on line on this site. To exercise this right, please contact

To know all your rights and the conditions that allow you to exercise them, we invite you to consult the CNIL website:

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During consultation of the website, the technical data that may be recorded for access to or use of the site are the user's Internet Protocol (IP) address and information relating to the user's configuration (type of machine, browser, etc.) and navigation (date, time, pages consulted, errors, etc.).

We inform you that you can at any time set your browser to change your choices regarding cookies. The configuration of the web browser is an efficient and free way to determine, upstream, the management of cookies.