Several studies have shown that with the scale-up of malaria control efforts, worldwide malaria deaths were cut in half between 2000 and 2014. If confirmed and sustained, this drop would translate into a large increase in life expectancy and potentially in economic outcomes, particularly in Africa. But with a decline in health aid and the shift from the MDGs to the SDGs, vertical aid (as for malaria) is no longer a priority, even though it might be highly efficient. Unfortunately, the number of malaria cases rose in several countries in 2016, suggesting that progress has stalled in the global fight against the disease.
Maskin, E., Monga, C., Thuilliez, J., and Berthelemy J-C. (2018) "Money and Mosquitoes - The economics of malaria in an age of declining aid", AfDB Policy Research Document 1