Vulnerability and Resilience: A Conceptual Framework Applied to Three Asian Countries—Bhutan, Maldives, and Nepal

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Résumé

This paper presents a conceptual framework for the study of the vulnerability of Bhutan, Maldives, and Nepal with a particular focus on the structural vulnerability.

Three kinds of vulnerability have been considered for each country: economic, climatic, and political. Comparative assessment of countries is likewise undertaken using available and comparable indicators, e.g., economic vulnerability index and fragile state index. The assessment shows that each of the three countries seems the most vulnerable in one of the three dimensions of vulnerability: Bhutan for structural economic vulnerability, Maldives for physical vulnerability to climate change, and Nepal for state fragility.

Source(s):  Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Guillaumont, P. (2017) "Vulnerability and Resilience: A Conceptual Framework Applied to Three Asian Countries—Bhutan, Maldives, and Nepal", Asian Development Bank, South Asia Working Papers Serie, http://dx.doi.org/10.22617/WPS179069-2